Research Perspectives.

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General orientations.
Historical-linguistic approach.
Anthropological-linguistic approach.
Practical orientations.

Empirical approaches.
Theoretical approaches.
Epistemological approaches.

General orientations.

All the linguistic fields are concerned with the problematics of "dynamics of languages and linguistic contact"; nevertheless, situations which explicitly show a complex state linked to multilingualism and the dynamics of contact it generates are certainly more interesting because they require a theoretical refocusing.

Two approaches can be proposed:

- a historical-linguistic approach.
- an anthropological-linguistic approach.

The historical-linguistic approach

is based on the study of the stratification of contacts. It is concerned with the modification of forms and structures of languages in contact, according to linguistic, cognitive criteria, and hypothesis about past language activities.

as examples, we can present different cases of languages and hybrid forms, resulting from non-linear evolutions, of which we have a good documentation now. But there are also cases of linguistic convergence which constitute another interesting research source.

The anthropological-linguistic approach

is linked to language activity (it is closely linked to discursive constraints expressed in interactions). Then, it becomes significant to observe the way linguistic dynamics appear in the usual context of communication. It is concerned by sociolinguistic differenciations and areas of contact considered through those linguitic actualizations :

thus, situations which occur from both traditional multilingualism and more or less lasting senses of identity are interesting: expression of epilinguistic activity, of linguistic varieties renewal in the traditional context of emergence contituted by teenagers groups. And we can as well focus our attention on strategies of groups in diapora who according to their own criteria will develop linguictic dynamics different from the languages spoken in the host countries.

Of course, those few examples are not exhaustive.

"Dynamics of languages" can be defined as the actualization and the transformation of languages: this means it includes all the issues presented above, which are linked to many fields concerning man and society, such as :

anthropology, sociology, history, as well as other aspects of evolution of systems and cognitive approaches can be part of our questioning.

Practical orientations.

Three kind of approaches have to be considered:

- empirical,
- theoretical,
- epistemological.

You will find these orientations more detailed here-after, in order to explain our demonstration further:

Empirical approaches.

-   Descriptions in the field of languages in contact : constitutions of languages, structural and linguistic isomorphisms approach in a common anthropological area, etc.
-    Descriptions in the field of linguistic renewals : emergence and transformations of norms, elaborations of linguistic varieties, etc.

Theoretical approaches.

-   Analysis of determiners of contact and its different aspects which make it to be taken into account.
-    Study of logical-structural, cognitive and semiotic operations, which are supposed to occur in the process of transformation and elaboration of codes and varieties.

Epistemological approaches.

-   Questioning about the construction of descriptive and actual categories: structure, cognition, representations, contact, teleologies, complexity, boundaries.
-   Questioning about the construction of elements of speech which are analysed, about (re)construction of background facts, and about interpretation and phenomenology of forms.
-    Questioning about the different interpretations and the effect of interpretative activities in the construction of knowledge.