Ultrasound study of entheses in psoriasis patients with or without musculoskeletal symptoms: A prospective study

Acquacalda E, Albert C, Montaudie H, Fontas E, Danre A, Roux CH, Breuil V, Lacour JP, Passeron T, Ziegler LE

Joint Bone Spine 2015 Jul;82(4):267-71

Abstract

PMID: 25881759

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of ultrasonographic enthesitis in psoriasis patients with or without musculoskeletal symptoms and to investigate their evolution under systemic treatments given for the cutaneous symptoms.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective bi-centre (rheumatology and dermatology) study over 6months, including psoriasis pts requiring systemic treatment, with or without musculoskeletal symptoms and/or psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Clinical assessment (M0 and M6) included: BASDAI, HAQ, SPARCC, PASI and nail disease. US assessment (M0 and M6) with Grey Scale and PD of 10 entheses was performed by one trained rheumatologist blinded to clinical and biological data, scoring morphological, structural lesions and PD signal.

RESULTS: Complete data were obtained on 340 entheses in 34 patients. Twenty-two were asymptomatic (PsO) and 12 symptomatic (PsA). They received conventional treatment and/or biologics.

AT BASELINE: US abnormalities were found in 97.1% total population and in 86.4% PsO patients. 95/340 enthesitis were observed, 57/220 in PsO vs 38/120 in PsA (P=0.258). Neither group had PD signal. Presence of 24/90 enthesitis in patients with nail disease vs 33/130 without (P=0.831). AT M6: Twenty-three patients were assessed. US morphological (thickness and hypoechogenicity) abnormalities were improved in PsO (n=13) (P=0.021) and PsA patients (n=10) (P=0.164) with a significant decrease of BASDAI, HAQ, SPARCC.

CONCLUSION: We observed a high frequency of US enthesitis in psoriasis patients, with or without musculoskeletal symptoms, requiring systemic treatment. At 6months, US morphological abnormalities were likely to improve. Further studies would be interesting to validate our data and to assess their potential impact on PsA development.