This section shows you
what a ms should look like.
Note that this varies, depending on what type of version you are sending draft
To make sure that you have attended to all
aspects of your ms, use the Check list,
for v1 and for the
final version (and place
inside the email).
While your ms is under review, you will send a
draft ms. Certain items (e.g., author names) do not appear in draft
versions. In the example ms below, the items in
green must NOT be included in a draft version.
versions of your article must be exactly like the form shown below, but
without authors' names and affiliations at the top, without personal
acknowledgements, and without
bio-statement and contact details at the end. Sent
by e-mail. Include ms ID at the top.
Include the ms ID in both the subject line, the body of the e-mail,
and the top of the ms. For details, see e-mail
submission of ms. Make sure that you send the
Cover Sheet in the body of the e-mail to which your ms is attached - for v1
For v2 and v3, include your
reviewers at the start of the ms, immediately after the ms ID.
Always send word files in .doc format (not .docx). Always
send graphics files with filenames similar to the ms file. Never
compress or zip files.
Once your ms has been accepted for
publication, you prepare the final version. This section shows how a
final article ms should look. All items (e.g.,
author names, bio-statements, cover sheet) appear in the final versions.
Follow the filename formatting for sending your ms by
Always send word files in .doc format (not .docx). Always send graphics
files with filenames similar to the ms file. Never compress or zip
of a final ms
Below is how your final ms
will look (green items are not included in
a draft ms). Note that all items must be included in a single MS Word
file. Use .doc (not .docx). Do not zip or
compress any files. Low-res graphics in the word
file; hi-res graphics sent as separate files, with the same file,ame as the ms.
Ms ID (bold)
Reviewer comments + responses to reviewers
reviews and responses
in all versions from v2 on,
including final. The final version of a ms,
written to be published, must include reviewer
comments on the previous version, along with your
+++++++++++ [this is
not a page break, just a line made with plus signs]
cover sheet goes here
for the final ms, the
cover goes inside the same file as the ms
for a draft ms, the
cover goes inside the body of the email of v1 of your ms
(not v2, nor v3)
+++++++++++ [this is
not a page break, just a line made with plus signs]
use perceptions in simulation: Some survey findings
The title of the article should be chosen with consideration for
accuracy, appropriateness, succinctness and flair.
are best. Sub-titles should be used where appropriate.
Main words (important concepts) should, if possible, be in and at the start start of main title;
other concepts (words)
in the sub-title. A maximum of 10 words is suggested, with 12 words
being an absolute limit. For longer titles, be in touch with the editor
when submitting the abstract for a ms ID, and provide a justification of
Xper I. Ence
University of Learning, Playland
Pond University, Simland
Object. Do a structured
for your article.
The main objective of a structured abstract, compared with a classic
abstract, is to make it easier for
potential readers to grasp the main thrust of your
article. This allows them to
decide immediately on the
relevance to their interests.
the main points and their
interrelations. It also indicates the main
findings and conclusions.
must be the epitome of
it is written in tight but clear language. Clarity and
succinctness are more important than style and flow (prose) here.
sentences achieve these objectives. Split infinitives are to be
avoided, as are 'there is/are' forms.
should be both informative and suitable for abstracting services.
Main terms in
your abstract are in bold; both necessary and sufficient. Your
abstract should be less than 200 words; longer only if really necessary**. An ordinary
abstract (e.g., for autobiograhical articles, or for short
guest editorials) should be less than
Do not right justify text in the abstract and in the article.
It is essential to consult the structured
abstract page in this author guide.
Also consult APA for more help.
human-computer interaction; interaction; ISAGA’94; participation patterns;
participant perceptions; research perspectives; SIMSOC; simulation/gaming;
United Nations. ***
* You must do a
structured abstract, and if
at all possible also include a graphical
abstract. Headings are in italic; key
terms (or phrases) are in bold.
** Consult with the
editor if you are unsure.
*** For keywords,
use alpha order; semi-colon separation;
lower case, as above, unless otherwise required. Include as many keywords
as reasonably necessary. If in doubt, add more rather than fewer, e.g., an article with the keyword
pollution might also warrant the keywords environment,
environmental protection, etc.
is where your main text starts. The first section of the main text
should be fairly short, with
(the article title serves as the heading). The objective of these first
paragraphs is to introduce the reader to the main concepts, ideas,
organization, objectives, rationale, problems and so on of the article.
Although these first
few paragraphs do not constitute an abstract, most of the information in
the abstract may be re-stated here, but in a less
stylistically-tight and propositionally-condensed form, and
providing more detail and some background
about some of the most important issues
and topics addressed.
This section is
thus much more of an invitation to read than is the abstract; it
should engage the reader's curiosity at the outset, encouraging her
or him to read on. This section also clearly states the main
objectives of the article and at least summarizes the main
conclusions/findings. These few, probably short, paragraphs say to
the reader: "Hey, you should read this article because ...".
The nitty gritty
[first level 1 heading]
It is after your
first main heading that the nitty gritty of your discussion starts.
Headings should be kept as short as possible, giving them more impact.
Use lower case whenever possible. Use many headings; avoid long
stretches of text without headings.
From here on, use a
maximum of three levels of heads (main
headings, sub-headings and minor headings) as described in the
section of this Guide. However, avoid only one sub-heading within
a main-heading section; and also a single minor heading under a given
Use square brackets
for endnotes . This is where the main text of your article ends.
It is followed by notes , references, and so on.
- For more details on the
three-level system of headings, see elsewhere in this document.
- Make sure all notes correspond to
their correct numbers in the text.
Make sure that a note
is really necessary, and that it cannot be placed in the text.
Acknowledgments or similar notes should be made here, for
example, to named colleagues and/or
known (coaching) or anonymous reviewers. Also, if authors have been
particularly pleased with the help they have received from their reviewers
or naive readers, they may wish to mention this here. If you know the
name, affiliation and country, mention these. (This is not an endnote; it
is part of the text.)
Declaration of Conflicting Interests
Indicate here any conflicting
interest that may arise between you and the matter discussed in the article.
If none, then say: "The author(s)* declared no conflicts of interest with
respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article."
Indicate details about any funding
that you may have received in connection with the article, direct or
indirect. If none, then say: "The author(s)*
received no financial
support for the research and/or authorship of this article."
* For above two paras, for one author say "author", for
several say "authors". The publisher will not correct this, and I may miss
(examples of statements)*
All authors contributed to this article,
in content and in form.
KSC wrote the manuscript.
LAL did the statistical analysis. CLR, KJP and GWM
performed the modelling. MTW, LAR and KJP
prepared the experiments. KSC, LAL and CLR did the data
interpretation. AR and PMF did the calculations.
contributed equally to the editing of the manuscript.
All authors contributed to this article,
both substantively and formally. Conceived and designed the experiments:
AB CD. Performed the experiments: AB EF. Wrote the final ms: EF
GH. Wrote the first draft: EF. Did the bulk of the
literature search: CD EF KL. Made numerous critiques and
suggested specific wording: GH IJ KL. Designed most of the graphics: KL
MN. Did most of the statistical analyses: MN PQ.
* S&G does not accept
free rider authors. If you are two authors or more, include this
section. Indicate the types of work involved in the research behind the
article and in writing and revising the ms. If the number of authors
exceeds 5, then all six or more of the authors will need to send, each
independently, to the editor, an email providing a clear statement
contain verifiable assurance that every author listed has done their
fair share of the work. Provide plenty of detail about the main tasks
involved. Use formatting as in above.
It is wise to differentiate as much as possible.
A declaration like
"All authors contributed equally" is sometimes considered as somewhat
suspect. If it is really true, then include a phrase of that nature.
However, it is always a good idea anyway to itemize all the elements that went
into the making of your article, as it gives readers an idea of the often
massive amount of work that authors often undertake. If you are a
professor and your research student has done most of the work, it is normal
to put your students' name first.
A general statement like "All
authors contributed substantially to this article."
makes little sense on its own because one assumes that authors contribute to
the substance of the article. If you must make a general statement,
then something like "All authors contributed equally to both the content and
form of this article.". However, this then means that order of authors
muct be alphabetical by last name, and that this is mentioned.
So final wording would be something like "Authors are listed in
alphabetical order, and all contributed equally to both the content and form
of this article". If this is not the case, then an indication of
tasks accomplished is in order (see examples above).
free rider problem refers to a situation where some individuals in a
population either consume more than their fair share of a common resource, or
pay less than their fair share of the cost of a common resource"
Investopedia. "A free rider ...
refers to someone who benefits from resources, goods, or services without
paying for the cost of the benefit. ... Free
riding may be considered as a free rider problem when it leads to
under-provision of goods or services, or when it leads to overuse or
degradation of a common property resource. ... Some
individuals in a team or community may reduce their contributions or
performance if they believe that one or more other members of the group may
free ride." Wikipedia.
Reference, A. (1989). This is a
reference to the document you are holding. In D. Crookall (Ed.).
Guide for authors (pp. 000-000). Warri, Nigeria: S&G Editorial
Reference, T. (1990).
References should flow on after text and notes: See elsewhere in this Guide
for exact format. Mimeo.
Put references here that you have
not cited in the body of your text, but which you think may be useful to
Lea R. Ning has been hooked on games for
many a year. At this point write a short bio-statement, which might
include any of the following (or other) items: degrees, recent
publications and simulation/games designed, current research, training,
personal interests, activities, association responsibilities, noteworthy
accomplishments, a favorite short quote. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org;
Sim Ulation likes paddling games and has
written the world's all-time best-seller on the subject, called New
Games for Old Paddlers. Bio-statements should be no longer than 60 words, per author. Start a
new paragraph for each author. Do not use titles, but mention (if
you must) key degrees. Contact: email@example.com; http://www.there.me/site.
Indicate email address. Web sites are optional.
Only mention URLs if they are reasonably short.
Start the bio statement with FirstName
and Name, not Dr, Prof or other title. If you must include such, then use this
Sim Ulation (PhD, U of Play, Gameland), is associate
professor at the University of Play. He has played many games ...
The total maximum length
for each bio
is 60 words,
as measured in the Word properties-statistics tab.
the above address pattern exactly. Do not abbreviate street,
road, etc. Always include the country. Telephone
and fax numbers: in the above format and wording (include country code as
+NN). Use format of originating country; for USA, use
+1 123-456-7890 format.
APPENDIX 1: With a
This starts on a new page. Organize
and write appendices so that, stylistically and presentation-wise, they fit
well with the rest of the article. Appendices are referred to by number
in the main text and carry a short title. If there is only one
appendix, omit the number.
That is the end of the example of a final
manuscript. For more details on each of the above elements, consult the
ms mechanics section, and the