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Graphical abstract

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Graphical abstract

In addition to the structured abstract, you may include a graphical abstract in your ms.  For S&G, pls conform to the following:

A graphical abstract is a single image, which may contain several parts.   It helps the potential reader visualize the main process(es) or concepts or relationships among emlements; it focusses on the central idea and 'brings it to life'.  For ease of browsing, the graphical abstract must be conceptually clear; the visual aspects, with in-image keywords.  Leave out distracting and cluttering elements.

  • Image size:  Ratio 2 high x 5 wide.  Minimum of 531 x 1328 pixels (h x w), minimum resolution of 300 dpi.
  • Font:  If you include letters, use Times, Arial, Ariel narrow, or Symbol font with a large enough font size for the type to be legible when the image is reduced to fit the text width of a S&G page = 16 cm.
  • File types:  TIFF, GIF, JPEG (high resolition), PNG.
  • No additional text, outline or synopsis to be included.  All text or labels must be part of the image file.  Do not use unnecessary white space or a heading “Graphical Abstract” within the image file.  Text must be in American English.  Only well known abbreviations may be used, e.g., "e.g.".

The English(-language) saying here is particularly relevant:  A pîcture is worth a 1000 words.

I (David Crookall) also remind you (the gamer) that a game is worth a 1000 pictures.  So make your graphical abstract as inclusive as possible.

The graphical abstract will appear just under the keywords, and before the first main paragraphs (with no heading).  If you wish to refer to your graohical abstract in the text, you ma indicate 'graphical abstract', such as "As we have shown in our graphical abstract, we conclude that ...".

For review versions of your ms, include your graphical abstract in its proper place inside the word file (.doc, not .docx).

For the final version of your ms, (a) include in the word file (as above), and (b) attach a high-res graphics file, using the correct filename, and with
"_graphical-abstract" added at the end of the filename.

Remember that an article in S&G is called an article, not a paper.


Extracts and examples from

Graphical abstracts

A Graphical Abstract is a single, concise, pictorial and visual summary of the main findings of the article. This could either be the concluding figure from the article or a figure that is specially designed for the purpose, which captures the content of the article for readers at a single glance. Please see examples below.

Author instructions

A Graphical Abstract should allow readers to quickly gain an understanding of the main take-home message of the paper and is intended to encourage browsing, promote interdisciplinary scholarship, and help readers identify more quickly which papers are most relevant to their research interests.

Authors must provide an image that clearly represents the work described in the paper. A key figure from the original paper, summarising the content can also be submitted as a graphical abstract.

Ensure that your Graphical Abstract displays your research the best way and meets all submission requirements. ...

16 examples of good graphical abstracts in published articles

Example 1: Antinociceptive effect of the essential oil of Zingiber zerumbet in mice: Possible mechanisms, Mohamed Hanief Khalida, Muhammad Nadeem Akhtarc, et al., Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Vol. 137, Issue 1, 1 September 2011, Pages 345-351.


Example 2: Targeting the lymphatics using dendritic polymers (dendrimers), Lisa M. Kaminskasa, Christopher J.H. Porter, Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, Volume 63, Issues 10-11, 10 September 2011, Pages 890-900.


Example 3: Layer-by-layer capsules for magnetic resonance imaging and drug delivery, Hua Ai, Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, Volume 63, Issue 9, 14 August 2011, Pages 772-788.


Example 4: Cross talk between activation of microglia and astrocytes in pathological conditions in the central nervous system, W. Liu, Y. Tang, J. Feng, Life Sciences, Volume 89, Issues 5-6, 1 August 2011, Pages 141-146.


Example 5: ABT-737 overcomes Bcl-2 mediated resistance to doxorubicin–DNA adducts, Michal Ugarenko, Abraham Nudelman, Biochemical Pharmacology, Volume 79, Issue 3, 1 February 2010, Pages 339-349.


Example 6: Hydrotropic oligomer-conjugated glycol chitosan as a carrier of paclitaxel: Synthesis, characterization, and in vivo biodistribution, G. Saravanakumar, Kyung Hyun Min, et al., Journal of Controlled Release, Volume 140, Issue 3, 16 December 2009, Pages 210-217.



Example 7: Total synthesis of diastereomeric marine butenolides possessing a syn-aldol subunit at C10 and C11 and the related C11-ketone, Yan Wang, Wei-Min Dai, Tetrahedron, Volume 66, Issue 1, 2 January 2010, Pages 187-196.



Example 8: Moulting of insect tracheae captured by light and electron-microscopy in the metathoracic femur of a third instar locust Locusta migratoria, Edward P. Snelling, Roger S. Seymour, Sue Runciman, Journal of Insect Physiology, Volume 57, Issue 9, September 2011, Pages 1312-1316.



Example 9: Biodegradable star HPMA polymer–drug conjugates: Biodegradability, distribution and anti-tumor efficacy, Tomáš Etrych, Lubomír Kovář, et al., Journal of Controlled Release, Volume 154, Issue 3, 25 September 2011, Pages 241-248.




Example 10: Keyframe-based recognition and localization during video-rate parallel tracking and mapping, R.O. Castle, D.W. Murray, Image and Vision Computing, Volume 29, Issue 8, July 2011, Pages 524-532.



Example 11: Self-encoded marker for optical prospective head motion correction in MRI, Christoph Forman, Murat Aksoy, Medical Image Analysis, Volume 15, Issue 5, October 2011, Pages 708-719.



Example 12: Automatic inference of articulated spine models in CT images using high-order Markov Random Fields, Samuel Kadoury, Hubert Labelle, Nikos Paragios, Medical Image Analysis, Volume 15, Issue 4, August 2011, Pages 426-437.


Example 13: Extracting skeletal muscle fiber fields from noisy diffusion tensor data, David I.W. Levin, Benjamin Gilles, et. al, Medical Image Analysis, Volume 15, Issue 3, June 2011, Pages 340-353.



Example 14: Modifying organic/metal interface via solvent treatment to improve electron injection in organic light emitting diodes, Q. Wang, Y. Zhou, Organic Electronics, Volume 12, Issue 11, November 2011, Pages 1858-1863.



Example 15: Efficient large area semitransparent organic solar cells based on highly transparent and conductive ZTO/Ag/ZTO multilayer top electrodes, Thomas Winkler, Hans Schmidt, et al., Organic Electronics, Volume 12, Issue 10, October 2011, Pages 1612-1618.


Example 16: Improved synthesis of disaccharides with Escherichia coli β-galactosidase using bio-solvents derived from glycerol, María Pérez-Sánchez, Álvaro Cortés Cabrera, Tetrahedron, Volume 67, Issue 40, 7 October 2011, Pages 7708-7712.